Regular maintenance is of utmost importance if you want to maintain your vehicle in good condition. Automotive manufacturers recommend regular service intervals of preventive replacement of some parts and fluids, usually according to the mileage of the vehicle. Basic car maintenance is the best way to prevent the occurrence of any kind of problems and to keep your vehicle in optimal condition. Now let’s take a look at the 3 basic car maintenance services that you should not avoid.
The most important parts of the engine are lubricated, cleaned and cooled with the engine oil. While your vehicle is running, the engine is creating massive heat because of the friction of moving parts in it. Engine oil lubricates these parts and eliminates excessive heat. Motor oil contains specially designed additives that help the lubrication process and thus contribute to a more efficient and stable engine operation. The heat in the engine, metallic shavings, condensation, dust and ash generated by combustion reduces the efficiency of oil and lubrication which means that the durability of the engine is reduced too. In order to ensure stable operation of the engine and extend its life span it is necessary to regularly change the oil. The additives inside the engine oil are consumed during use. Oil is changed according to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendation, usually 5.000 – 7.000 miles or at least once a year in case you exceed the mileage. It is good to remember that the oil consumption is related to several factors – driving conditions, irregular use of the vehicle, the purpose of vehicle, weather conditions etc. Oil change service includes – releasing oil from the engine, removing the oil filter, installing new filter and pouring the required amount of oil in the system.
There are several filters inside every vehicle. We have already mentioned why we need to change oil regularly and that during this process oil filter is changed too. Another thing that you should take into consideration is air filter replacement. Air filter prevents dust particles to reach the engine. They can cause damage to the engine, cylinder walls, pistons and links. It also keeps the air flow sensor clean in cars with fuel injection. The filters are consumable parts and after some period they require to be checked and replaced. Fuel filter replacement is also important because this filter keeps harmful substances that can cause problems with the carburetor or clog fuel injectors. It is good to change these filters once a year.
The belts on your vehicle are essential for cooling, air condition, battery charging and engine functioning. Do not forget to replace them at scheduled intervals because their rupture can cause severe malfunctions in the vehicle. The timing belt synchronizes the operation of all engine parts. In the case of rupture or some other damage you will witness a complete shut down of all the systems that are driven by the belts and the vehicle will stop.